In this essay, I’ll enumerate the variations between Christian and secular ethics. The role of theology on ethical decision making will come to be indicated, along with secular and diverse religious stands on ethical discourses on abortion and divorce. Miscellaneous Christian views which include those of: the Liberals, the Evangelicals and the Neo-orthodox may also be examined.
Furthermore, I will explore the implications of the aforementioned ethical issues on interfaith dialogue concerning Buddhism and the Abrahamic faiths.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHRISTIAN AND SECULAR ETHICS
Ethics is a phrase that originated from the Greek words: ‘ethikos’ and ‘ethos’ which respectively implies tailor made and character.  Even so, Collins dictionary defines ethics as "a social, spiritual, or civil code of behaviour thought to be appropriate, especially that of a particular group, profession, or specific". 
I located a clear-cut definition of Christian ethics by Dr Harkness (a professor of used theology) as "the systematic study of the way of life established by Jesus Christ put on the daily demands and decisions of individual existence".  It is the Christian’s code of conduct produced from the scriptures. While Christian ethics aim "is to know what conforms to God’s personality and what does not" it really is more of a practical entity in comparison with theory oriented Christian theology. 
Conversely, James Bernat in his book, Ethical problems in neurology defines secular ethics as the invention of human being ‘rational’ dialogue that assumes that mankind can make a comprehensive and world-wide framework of morality that’s void of religious framework.  The main approaches to secular ethics are predicated on: "reason, experience or moral sense". 
Additionally, secular ethics involves various versions as: utilitarianism, egoism or hedonism, emotivism and cultural relativism.  These products form the framework for some ethical postulations. I am going to now analyze the contrasts between Christian and secular ethics.
A dissimilarity between Christian and secular ethics is that the latter acts as a basis for arriving at "moral judgments" since it appraises existing customs, while supporting the enactment of "laws and policies". Secular ethics are being used as a yardstick to judge religious doctrines by program of a determined group of "moral principles".  Christian ethics are founded on godly revelations.
BASES FOR CHRISTIAN ETHICAL DECISIONS
Evangelical Christians base moral ethical decisions on "God’s revelation" which is definitely from nature itself (the general) or from the scriptures (the special). A good example derived from the scriptures is the Ten Commandments in Exodus 21-23. Biblical scholars emphasize that the normal law derived from mother nature itself is normally inherent in mankind and it is accountable for doing things best suited without Biblical guidelines. That is described in the e book of Romans 2:14-15, where Apostle Paul mentioned the clarity of the human being conscience in your choice making mechanism.
Similarly, Jesus Christ affirms the same theory when he said guys should do unto others what they will have carried out to themselves, (Matt 7:12). This particular watch is upheld by distinguished philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Clive Lewis in their writings.  The use of moral decisions on ethical concerns is at the mercy of debate as will be indicated in subsequent paragraphs.
SOME ETHICAL ISSUES
This range between: abortion, divorce, homosexuality, same sex marriage, war, money, marriage, sexuality, death, forgiveness, euthanasia, organization etc.
I will be concentrating on the ethical topic of abortion and divorce within the: secular, Christian and interfaith discourse.
SECULAR VIEWS ON ABORTION
Abortion can be "any artificial methods to induce the increased loss of a pregnancy". The average pregnancy is certainly for forty weeks or nine months. Pregnancy terminated because of natural causes during the first twenty weeks is called a miscarriage, while further than twenty weeks happen to be pre-term delivery. 
Nonetheless, abortion includes the moral choice of the mother, along with the ethical right of the infant to live. Abortion could possibly be inevitable in: rape, poverty, deformity of baby etc. Abortion supporters see it as a retroactive contraceptive while those against it "view it as a little significantly less than prenatal infanticide".  It has been founded that moral justification of abortion is certainly common in the secular world.
Under the uk law (Abortions act 1967); abortion is endorsed within the first 24 weeks of being pregnant given that certain circumstances are fulfilled. It must be in an approved institution, the mother and child’s health are considered, and decisions to be produced with the consensus of two medical doctors. 
CHRISTIANS ON ABORTION
The Liberals are broadminded on abortion, as long as it is done legally and safely and securely.  The girl has full privileges over her own body system when it involves your choice to abort or certainly not.  The Liberals usually do not deliberate over ethical issues concerning the unborn baby, in contrast to evangelicals’ position.
Evangelical Christians happen to be on rigid stand against abortion with scriptural arguments employed to portray (baby’s) lifestyle in high esteem. They also support of most social aspects regarding being pregnant care and adoption issues.  The position of the Neo-orthodox Christians will become examined next.
The Neo-Orthodoxy comes from Germany following the First World Battle when Karl Barth (a protestant theologian) advanced the ‘theology of crisis’. It was an era when people were disappointed from many beliefs.  Neo-Orthodoxy assumes that the scripture can be a faulty human being invention, although God’s revelation is continuously present under personal knowledge.  Nevertheless, abortion isn’t allowed except if carried out to safeguard the pregnant woman.
The Christian ethics of divorce will come to be examined next.
CHRISTIAN ETHICS ON DIVORCE
Jesus’ response to the permission given by Moses for the issuance of the costs of divorce to ladies was accompanied by the injunction that divorce is definitely a direct covenant-breaking departure from God’s master arrange for relationship, (Matt 19:6 & Rom 7:2). Jesus as well denounces divorce in the dialogue along with his disciples in Mark 10: 1-11, while arguments resulting from the exception clause (i.e. Condition for divorce) is definitely interpreted by some scholars in the context to signify fornication established against the wife during the betrothal phase of matrimony according to Jewish tradition. Regrettably, the biblical divorce laws interpretation is diverse.
Some scholars argue that the exemption clause means adultery that is a leverage to institute divorce.
However, the right rejoinder is the result of the disciples who figured "it is not advantageous to marry" this is interpreted by some Evangelicals as voiding the powers of the hubby to divorce a wife under any circumstance, as they are likely to forgive their partner.  The ethical issue applicable to the Classic Testament bill of divorce allowed by Moses is that the Bill is meant to protect the women from the frivolity of men, to ensure that they can re-marry rather than be outcasts.
Some Evangelicals justified grounds for divorce to end up being desertion (by either spouse) and evidence of physical misuse against the wife. There is also a Pauline privilege in (1st Corinthians 7:15) which allows a believing wife to get rid an unbelieving husband who would like a divorce. There are resultant Christian ethical debates concerning the modalities of the freedom, whether it permits re-marrying or remaining sole till death.
Contrastingly, Liberal Christians see the scriptural dialogues on divorce as being applicable to the historic contexts of their numerous times, hence divorce is permitted in line with the merit of each case. Marriage characterized with physical abuse sometimes appears as a marriage pledge violation, whereby divorce is granted.  The American inception of "very little fault" divorce regulation in the 1960s and 1970s weakened the marriage institution, as spouses attained divorces against their partner’s wish. Similarly, despite independence from the secular laws of your day, liberal Christians amidst their objective request of divorce laws and regulations was criticized for being pro-secular due to contractual approaches used instead of covenant obligation by some Christians.  The Neo-orthodox view turned out to be permissive.
Neo-Orthodox Christians happen to be permissive due to their existential system which sees Bible precepts as only highly relevant to the culture of when they were admonished; hence they could not be categorically put on our times. Accordingly they set up no ethical grounds for opposing divorce. 
THE ABRAHAMIC FAITHS AND INTERFAITH DIALOGUE
The Abrahamic faith is used to make mention of Judaism, Christianity, Islam and various other religions that trace their spiritual way of life back to Abraham.  The system which religions and cultures fulfill to switch views for better knowledge of each other is called the interfaith dialogue. The dialogue was prompted by the WCC (World Council how to write a synthesis essay faultlessly of Churches) in 1961, when fledgling Asian Churches needed to coexist with various Asian religions. 
Fundamentally, the existence
of diverse social issues such as general poverty has prompted the analysis and usage of ethical approaches to interfaith dialogues. Examples are medical and monetary ethics.  The Medical ethical considerations are evoked in a number of problems like Euthanasia, Abortion, Ecology, DNA researches etc. I am examining the Islamic regulations on abortion another.
ISLAMIC FAITH ON ABORTION AND DIVORCE
Islamic faith which is based on the Quran and the leadership of Prophet Mohammed is certainly guided by five pillars of faith, of which two are: "faith in one God and at least one pilgrimage to Mecca". Other admonitions require looking after orphans, prisoners and desisting from: adultery, unfair organization practices and unwarranted killings.  Some Muslims prohibit abortion. The region of ethical contention is definitely you see, the time soul is given to a formed foetus. That is termed "ensoulment" which some Muslims take as 16 weeks into the pregnancy.
However, abortion performed ahead of the completion of 16th week is acknowledged if the fitness of the mother can be endangered or if the infant is under the threat of mental or physical malformation. Another concern is if the well-being of the family won’t be properly sustained due to the child.  The Islamic religion takes abortion to be immoral in view the revered worth of existence as indicated in Surah 17:31 which states that: "Slay certainly not your Childrenâ€¦â€¦.killing of them is a good sin". Nevertheless, an Islamic consequentialism holds the mom answerable to the aborted child at judgement day; this is reinforced by verses from Surah 81, verses 7-14.  Surah is certainly a supportive reference in Islam. Abortion put on pre-marital pregnancy is allowed since the sin of having a child out of wedlock is considered worse than abortion. 
Concerning divorce, Islam encourages the termination of irreconcilable marriages in good faith rather than co-living of spouses in bitterness.
There is an injunction for settling differences through relatives of spouses.
Nevertheless, where this mediation fails then divorce could be instituted, (Quran 4:35). Mubarat may be the term used to spell it out mutually divorce by couples without court proceedings. Procedures referred to as fasakh or Khula are based on the initiation of divorce by the girl. However, talaq (meaning "to split up") is used to denote the divorce instigated by the spouse. This can be done without much official protocols but should be verbalized or documented.  The traditional regulations of the Jews will be examined next.
JUDAISM ON ABORTION AND DIVORCE
Judaism as practiced by the Jews precedes Christianity which became distinctive in the first Century at that time when Apostle Paul and Peter had contentions with the Jews. The Bible publication of Acts Chapter 15, documented the deviations of the gentiles from the Law of Moses. This induced a disagreement about the acceptance of uncircumcised Gentiles in to the "community of believers". Some scholars take the arrival of Judaism to get the Biblical time of Abraham while some choose the period of Moses. 
Nonetheless, two out from the various beliefs of Judaism happen to be as follows: 1) God made a covenant along with his persons (the Hebrews) through Moses which may be the Ten Commandments. 2) Abraham’s offspring are to be the perfect model for all countries to emulate in planning for the coming of the future Messiah who’ll rule the universe in harmony and fairness. 
In similarity to the Islamic faith, high respect is given to the worthiness of life, however the safety of the pregnant girl remains paramount.
Nevertheless, regulations of Judaism on abortion assumes the insignificance of fertilized egg cells before 40th day of pregnancy when it is taken as the main woman’s body. Judaism allows abortion within the first of all 40 days of pregnancy but does not permit it thereafter, till full term. Judaism ethically upholds that the foetus is definitely a portion of the human body that has to not be harmed.  The Jewish rules allows sanction of persons who cause miscarriage because of a physical strife that involve pregnant women.
Furthermore, designed abortion on an progress pregnancy that threatens the mom in any circumstances would have to be undoubtedly established. The baby is literally regarded as trying to kill the mother, in which particular case severing the limbs of the infant and other similar works is permitted to save the mother.
A critical facet of applying the abortion law by the Rabbis (who are responsible for the Judaism laws) may be the equal importance given to the life of the baby and the mother right now the baby’s brain is on the way out of the mother. 
The concerns of divorce can’t be addressed without talking about the marriage custom of the Jews.
Judaism upholds the sanctity and integrity of marriage to such an level that the Talmud (sacred writings) says that "even the altar sheds tears" during separation of lovers. Although formal grounds for divorce do not exist, it is recognized that some situations make it inevitable. The divorce is based on the agreement of the couple and it consists of documentation referred to as the get which may be the certificate of divorce. There will be no hindrances located against divorced couples who want to reconcile in marriage. However priests happen to be prohibited from marrying a divorcee.
The certificate of divorce (the get) specially written by a scribe (in the existence of a judge) is certainly traditionally kept by the woman, and must be offered whenever she really wants to re-marry. Today the rabbinic courts keep the get and issue the girl with a certificate instead of it.
There is a serious ethical issue that the woman cannot re-marry if you have no evidence of the loss of life of her husband. This example is named Agunah, which implies that the woman is bound to the husband.
It is generally expected that anyone who breaches divorce circumstances are not allowed to be integrated into the Jewish network. 
BUDHISM ON ABORTION AND DIVORCE
This religion has its origin from India in the 6th Hundred years with Siddhartha Gautama (Referred to as Buddha, the enlightened one). Buddhism is certainly a spiritual life-style instead of a religion. Beliefs range from non-existence of a deity and that all things are www.testmyprep.com being regularly transformed, hence the belief in re-incarnation, decency, understanding and reflection. 
Over 300 million Buddhists worldwide haven’t any doctrinal guidance on abortion. They however believe in re-incarnation which stands against abortion, therefore consider it ethically wrong, although not too keen on its total prohibition by law. Nevertheless, another Buddhist expectation may be the decision of abortion to get specifically that of the pregnant female. In Japan abortion is normally rampant and there is a post abortion ceremony named Mizuko kuyo done by Buddhist priest to assist women in recovering from the after effect of abortion.  The next paragraph will cover the Buddhist take on divorce.
Buddhism will not see marriage as a core spiritual matter. They enjoy non-entanglement with basic family life as a path to greater levels of monkish Buddhist practice, instead of the low-grade lay posture where one is free to raise a family. An example was place by the Buddha himself at 29 years of age when he remaining his family to remain celibate till the end of his life. 
Buddhist tenets assist moral chastity where marriages remain intact with regard to the children. Separated couples should re-unite. The person who chooses celibate lifestyle must renounce his wife in order that she is absolve to remarry  .
Worldwide moral laws created from the Ten Commandments will be somewhat entrenched in most religions and secular rules  . Obviously that ethics imparted through religious beliefs will have most effect on religious people’s behaviour. I uncovered from my findings that a lot of religions have some sort of diversity predicated on ethical principles (such as for example hedonism and consequentialism) regarded in creating the creed of their subdivisions. Simply as the Christian’s views vary, so is the specific application of particular tenets of the Abrahamic faiths in a variety of countries. These variations are also within the Buddhist faith where disparities in India, Japan and other countries are believed.
All facts point to the utilization of ethical guidelines to determine religious creeds. The same simple truth is applicable to the present trend in interfaith dialogues in a way that participants unavoidably approach just about all themes brought forwards, within the framework of ethical agendas. This has created awareness for the study of ethics by those currently equipped with vast understanding of their faiths.